Analysis & Research

Public Charge

The Trump Administration has proposed changes to public charge policy that causes immigrant families to fear accessing health care, nutrition, and housing programs and limits legal immigration for those who are not white and wealthy. Multiple federal agencies are involved in making these policy changes inside and outside the U.S.

FAQ: COVID-19 Relief Legislation and Immigrants (PIF)
Changes to Public Charge: Analysis and Frequently Asked Questions (PIF) Updated March 13, 2020*
Public Charge Update: What Advocates Need to Know Fact Sheet (PIF) Updated February 24, 2020*
Public Charge Litigation Tracker (CBPP & MLRI)
Department of Justice’s Public Charge and Deportation Policy FAQ (PIF)
State Department’s Changes to the Foreign Affairs Manual Fact Sheet (NILC)


Related Policies that Impact Immigrant Families

Public charge is just one of many attacks on low-income families, immigrant families, and communities of color by the Trump Administration. Below are more policies that seek to make life more difficult for low-income immigrant families by restricting their ability to access basic programs that safeguard their health care, nutrition, housing, and economic security.

The Trump Administration’s Invisible Wall Summary (PIF) Updated February 24, 2020*
President’s Proclamation Requiring Immigrants to Have Health Insurance Summary (NILC)
Understanding the President’s Memorandum on Enforcing the Responsibilities of Sponsors FAQ (NILC)
Reference to Public Benefits in USCIS’s Notice to Appear Memo (NILC)



The PIF Campaign has compiled the latest research, reports, and studies that show how the proposed public charge regulation and related policies would harm immigrant families and workers, public health, and our economy.

Documenting the Harm of Trump’s Public Charge Policies Fact Sheet (PIF) April 2020*
Summary of Research at the Intersection of Public Charge and Health (PIF) April 2020*


Please visit the Special Resources Page for links to key research on public charge and related policies.